What to Do if You Find a Baby Bird

Try to Locate the Nest – If you come across a fallen nestling who isn’t injured, shaking, or weak and you can locate the nest, use clean or gloved hands to place the bird back into the nest quickly. If you’re able to place the baby back into his or her nest

Create a Surrogate Nest- If you can’t see or reach the original nest, make one out of a small basket, kitchen strainer, or small plastic container with holes punched in the bottom

 

ChickadeeTit NestBox

Tit chickadees and titmice constitute the Paridae, a large family of small passerine birds which occur mainly in the Europe, Asia, North America and Africa. These birds are mainly small, stocky, woodland species with short, stout bills. Some have crests. The tits are consuming a wide range of small insects and other invertebrates, particularly small defoliating caterpillars. They also consume seeds and nuts, particularly in the winter. Great tits are cavity nesters, breeding in a hole that is usually inside a tree, although occasionally in a wall or rock face, and they will readily take to nest boxes. The nest inside the cavity is built by the female, and is made of plant fibers, grasses, moss, hair, wool and feathers. These territories are established in late January and defense begins in late winter or early spring. Most breeding occurs between January and September; in Europe the breeding season usually begins after March. In Israel there are exceptional records of breeding during the months of October to December. The amount of sunlight and daytime temperatures will also affect breeding timing.

Nest Box Location – Mount on a tree, post, fence or wall between 4-15 feet high with partial sun and shade The nesting season is from April through June. The young will leave the nest in about 16 days. Remove the nest in late summer or fall after the brood rearing seasons are over.

Birds That Nest In This Birdhouse – Black-capped Chickadee, Mountain Chickadee, White-breasted Nuthatch, Carolina Chickadee, Boreal Chickadee, Red-breasted Nuthatch, Tufted Titmouse, Plain Titmouse, Downy Woodpecker.

Nuthatches, Tickell’s Blue NestBox

Nuthatches constitutea genus, Sitta,of small passerine birds belonging to the family Sittidae. Characterized by large heads, short tails, and powerful bills and feet, nuthatches advertise their territory using loud, simple songs. Most species exhibit grey or bluish upperparts and a black eye stripe. Nuthatches are omnivorous, eating mostly insects, nuts and seeds. They forage for insects hidden in or under bark by climbing along tree trunks and branches, sometimes upside-down. All nuthatches nest in cavities; except for the two species of rock nuthatches, all use tree holes, making a simple cup lined with soft materials on which to rest eggs. In some species the lining consists of small woody objects such as bark flakes and seed husks, while in others it includes the moss, grass, hair and feathers typical of passerine birds.

Tickell’s Blue flycatcher male’s upper parts are bright blue, its throat and breast are red, and the rest of the under parts are white. The female is duller blue with a brighter blue brow, shoulder, rump, and tail. Tickell’s blue flycatcher breeds in dry forest, scrub, bamboo and gardens. The breeding season is April to August (March to June in Sri Lanka). It nests in a hole in a tree or amongst rocks that is lined with fine grass and fibers and lay 3–5 eggs.

Nest Box Location – Mount on a tree, post, fence or wall between four and twelve feet high with partial sun and shade .

Robin House-finch Nesting Shelter

The Indian robin is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is widespread in the Indian subcontinent, and ranges across Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The male being mainly black with a white shoulder patch or stripe whose visible extent can vary with posture and females are brownish above, have no white shoulder stripe and are grayish below with the vent a paler shade of chestnut than the males. The species is often found close to human habitation and will frequently perch on rooftops. They feed mostly on insects but are known to take frogs and lizards especially when feeding young at the nest. The breeding season is December to September but varies according to region and usually begins with the first rains. Peak breeding in northern India is in June and is earlier in Southern India. In Sri Lanka it breeds in March to June and August to September.

Nest Box Location– Do not mounts in a tree. If a robin nests in a tree it usually places its nest precariously out on a limb where predators cannot climb.

Birds That Nest In This Birdhouse – Some birds such as robins, house finch, barn swallows, wrens and phoebes prefer open nesting shelters rather than traditional, enclosed bird houses.

ChickadeeTit NestBox

Chickadee birds are permanent residents, but sometimes they move south within their range, and even outside of it, in the fall or winter. They are small-sized birds overall, usually having the crown of the head and throat patch distinctly darker than the body. The colors and patterns are typically identical in males and females. Many other species of birds including titmice, nuthatches, and warblers – can often be found foraging in these flocks. They are cavity nesters that usually mate for life. They will excavate their own nest site in a rotten or decaying wood, use an old woodpecker hole or use a nesting box.

Tit chickadees and titmice constitute the Paridae, a large family of small passerine birds which occur mainly in the Europe, Asia, North America and Africa. These birds are mainly small, stocky, woodland species with short, stout bills. Some have crests. The tits are consuming a wide range of small insects and other invertebrates, particularly small defoliating caterpillars. They also consume seeds and nuts, particularly in the winter. Great tits are cavity nesters, breeding in a hole that is usually inside a tree, although occasionally in a wall or rock face, and they will readily take to nest boxes. The nest inside the cavity is built by the female, and is made of plant fibers, grasses, moss, hair, wool and feathers. These territories are established in late January and defense begins in late winter or early spring. Most breeding occurs between January and September; in Europe the breeding season usually begins after March. In Israel there are exceptional records of breeding during the months of October to December. The amount of sunlight and daytime temperatures will also affect breeding timing.

Nest Box Location – Mount on a tree, post, fence or wall between 4-15 feet high with partial sun and shade The nesting season is from April through June. The young will leave the nest in about 16 days. Remove the nest in late summer or fall after the brood rearing seasons are over.

Birds That Nest In This Birdhouse – Black-capped Chickadee, Mountain Chickadee, White-breasted Nuthatch, Carolina Chickadee, Boreal Chickadee, Red-breasted Nuthatch, Tufted Titmouse, Plain Titmouse, Downy Woodpecker.

Cardinal Robin Nest Box

In the family Cardinalities, are passerine birds found in North and South America. They are also known as cardinal-grosbeaks and cardinal-buntings. They are robust, seed-eating birds with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. Cardinals won’t use an enclosed bird house, but they may be tempted to use this open-sided shelter to build a nest on.

For the best results, place your Cardinal House 2 – 10′ high in an evergreen tree or on a tree or post in a sheltered area that is protected by dense brush or foliage.

Peaked roof helps to divert rain away from the nest. 7-1/2 x 9-1/2 x 11-1/2 inches tall. Made in INDIA

Swallows Robin Nesting Shelf

The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) is the most widespread species of swallow in the world. It is a distinctive passerine bird with blue upperparts, a long, deeply forked tail and curved, pointed wings. It is found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. In Anglophone Europe it is just called the swallow; in Northern Europe it is the only common species called a “swallow” rather than a “martin”. The barn swallow is the national bird of Austria and Estonia. It has steel blue upperparts and a rufous forehead, chin and throat, which are separated from the off-white underparts by a broad dark blue breast band. The outer tail feathers are elongated, giving the distinctive deeply forked “swallow tail”. There is a line of white spots across the outer end of the upper tail. The female is similar in appearance to the male, but the tail streamers are shorter, the blue of the uppersparts and breast band is less glossy, and the underparts paler. The juvenile is browner and has a paler rufous face and whiter under parts. It also lacks the long tail streamers of the adult.The preferred habitat of the barn swallow is open country with low vegetation, such as pasture, meadows and farmland, preferably with nearby water. This swallow avoids heavily wooded or precipitous areas and densely built-up locations. The barn swallow is an attractive bird that feeds on flying insects and has therefore been tolerated by humans when it shares their buildings for nesting. As one of the earlier migrants, this conspicuous species is also seen as an early sign of summer’s approach. During the breeding season keep an eye on mud puddles, as Barn Swallows come to the ground to pick up mud and grass for nesting materials. Their mud nests are often tucked under the eaves of barns and stables, on structures near playing fields, or under bridges.

Nest Box Location – Put your nesting shelf up on a post, tree or under the eaves of your house. Also great for providing a nesting spot when birds decide to nest in an inconvenient place—like on your air conditioner or porch.

Birds That Nest In This Birdhouse – Some birds such as robins, phoebes, barn swallows, wrens and doves prefer building their nests on a nesting shelf—they won’t use a traditional, enclosed birdhouse. And these birds are great to have in your yard because they eat so many bugs.

Flycatcher NestBox

The wire-tailed swallow (Hirundo smithii) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It has two subspecies: H. s. smithii, which occurs throughout Africa, and H. s. filifera, which is found in southern and southeastern Asia. It is mainly resident, but populations in Pakistan and northern India migrate further south in winter. This bird is found in open country near water and human habitation. Wire-tailed swallows are fast flyers and they generally feed on insects, especially flies, while airborne. They are typically seen low over water, with which they are more closely associated than most swallows.

Tickell’s blue flycatcher is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family. This is an insectivorous species which breeds in tropical Asia, from the Indian Subcontinent eastwards to Southeast Asia. Its range stretches across all the countries from India to Indonesia. They are blue on the upperparts and the throat and breast are rufous. They are found in dense scrub to forest habitats. The male’s upper parts are bright blue, its throat and breast are red, and the rest of the under parts are white. The female is duller blue with a brighter blue brow, shoulder, rump, and tail. Tickell’s blue flycatcher breeds in dry forest, scrub, bamboo and gardens. The breeding season is April to August (March to June in Sri Lanka). It nests in a hole in a tree or amongst rocks that is lined with fine grass and fibers and lay 3–5 eggs.

Nest Box Location– Mount on a tree, post, fence or wall, ideally about 5 and 6 feet high with partial sun and shade, Position nest far enough from roads, paths or trails to minimize disturbance.

Birds That Nest In This Birdhouse – Great Crested Flycatchers, House Sparrows, Chickadees, Nuthatches, Titmice, Wrens, Tree and Violet Green Swallows.

House Sparrow NestBox

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed eaters, it feeds mostly on the seeds of grains and weeds but it is an opportunistic eater and commonly eats insects and many other foods. . There are 35 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in India. The male is dark brown, with a black bib, grey chest and white cheeks, whereas the female is light brown throughout its body, with no black bib, crown or white cheeks The house sparrow is native to most of Europe, the Mediterranean region, and much of Asia. Its intentional or accidental introductions to many regions, including parts of Australia, Africa, and the Americas, make it the most widely distributed wild bird. Though found in widely varied habitats and climates, it typically avoids extensive woodlands, grasslands, and deserts away from human development.

Local names of the Indian House Sparrow
Goraiya : Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh. Also in Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh
Ghara chatia : Orissa
Chimani : Maharashtra
Chirya : In Urdu language
Kuruvi : Tamil Nadu and Kerala
Pichhuka : Andhra Pradesh
Charai pakhi : West Bengal
Chiri : Punjab
Chaer : Jammu and Kashmir
Gubbachachi : Karnataka
Chakli : Gujarat

Nest Box Location – Unless there are trees or buildings which shade the box during the day, face the box between north and east, thus avoiding strong sunlight and the wettest winds. Nest boxes are best put up during the autumn. Many birds will enter nest boxes during the autumn and winter, looking for a suitable place to roost or perhaps to feed. They often use the same boxes for nesting the following spring.

What food to provide ?

Bird seed mixtures – There are different mixes for feeders and for bird tables and ground feeding. The better mixtures contain plenty of flaked maize, sunflower seeds, and peanut granules.

Black sunflower seeds – These are an excellent year-round food, and in many areas are even more popular than peanuts. The oil content is higher in black than striped ones, and so they are much better. Sunflower hearts (the husked kernels) are a popular no-mess food.

Nyjer seeds – These are small and black with a high oil content. They need a special type of seed feeder, and are particular favorites with goldfinches and siskins.

Peanuts – These are rich in fat and are popular with tits, greenfinches, house sparrows, nuthatches, Salted or dry roasted peanuts should not be used.

Bird cake and food bars – Fat balls and other fat-based food bars are excellent winter food. If they are sold in nylon mesh bags

Live foods and other insect foods – Mealworms are relished by robins and blue tits, and may attract other insect-eating birds such as pied wagtails.

Rice and cereals – Cooked rice, brown or white (without salt added) is beneficial and readily accepted by all species during severe winter weather.

Important Days for Birds

Bird Day is the name of several holidays celebrating birds. The first such holiday was established by Charles Almanzo Babcock, the Oil City superintendent of schools, in 1894.Bird Day is a holiday established by Oil City, Pennsylvania school superintendent Charles Babcock in 1894. It was the first holiday in the United States dedicated to the celebration of birds. Babcock intended it to advance bird conservation as a moral value. It is celebrated on May 4 of every year.

National Bird Day is on January 5 each year, as it’s scheduled to coincide with the end of the annual Christmas Bird Count. The Christmas Bird Count has been going on for more than a decade. It lasts three weeks and is the longest running citizen science survey in the world that helps to monitor the health of our nation’s birds. Birders and the public go out and count as many birds as they can see during the count.

International Migratory Bird Day celebrates the incredible journey that migratory birds take each year. They travel thousands of miles between breeding grounds in North America, and their winter homes in Central and South America. Organizers say this is a day to both support, and to increase awareness of conservation efforts in support of migratory birds. They also suggest a field trip into a woods to look for and enjoy migrating birds. officially takes place on the second Saturday in May in the U.S. and Canada and on the second Saturday of October in Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean each year. Recognizing that this date does not work well for all places or for the migratory birds themselves- sites host these programs at their convenience throughout the year.

What is Birdscaping and Why Should You Do It?

Birdscaping is the creation of a bird-friendly habitat to attract birds to your backyard. As wildlife habitats are threatened by development, creating an environment that provides food, water and shelter is crucial to the existence of our wild bird population. Caring for our feathered-friends is an educational and enjoyable activity for the entire family that brings beauty and song to our lives.

Improve your backyard bird habitat by adding water, such as bird baths. Birds require a constant supply of clean water for drinking and bathing. This is especially important in late summer, when water is scarce, and in the winter, when it is frequently frozen.

It is important to offer safe and comfortable shelter for your wild birds to nurture their young, protect them from predators and shield them from the elements. Planting evergreen trees and shrubs and providing birdhouses, along with roosting boxes and pockets, are all beneficial additions to your birdscape. Wild birds and their young require year-round protection from the elements.